On this page:
- What is an STI assessment?
- STI assessments have limitations
- When should I have an STI assessment?
- How can I get an STI assessment?
- How can I get test results?
- What about confidentiality?
- Suggestions for STI/HIV prevention
- Resources for sexual health information
An assessment for sexually transmitted infections (STI screening) consists of:
- A brief sexual history
- A physical examination if necessary
- Possible laboratory testing
Your health care provider will determine with you what tests, if any, are appropriate. Tests may require:
- A urine sample
- Oral, vagina, penile or rectal swab
- Cervical culture and/or
- Blood draw
STI assessment can include HIV testing, or HIV testing can be done separately and anonymously. See HIV Testing for more info.
It is not possible to test for all STIs. Talk to your health care provider about what tests can be performed.
An assessment is recommended for routine testing, if you have been (or may have been) exposed to an STI, or if you experience symptoms, such as:
- Unusual discharge
- Painful or burning with urination
- Genital skin changes (rash, sore, blister, growths)
- Pelvic discomfort or pain (women)
- Testicular pain (men).
Note: It's important to see a clinician when symptoms are present. However, a person who has an STI may not experience any symptoms and there may be other causes of these symptoms.
Women who are sexually active are advised to have an Routine Women's Health Exam. Your clinician may also recommend a Pap test.
Men who are sexually active are advised to have an STI assessment, according to the recommendations above.
See the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's STD & HIV Screening Recommendations for more information.
Call 734-764-8320 and ask about an STI assessment. You will be asked about any symptoms. You may require an appointment with a clinician, but often the assessment can be completed by phone with a nurse.
Your health care provider will tell you how to get your test results. STI test results are typically available 2-3 business days after your visit. HIV test results usually take longer. You can get results through the Patient Portal (you will need an account).
- Your medical records are kept confidential and can be released ONLY with your written consent.
- UHS will bill diagnostic testing to your personal health insurance. Services may appear on the insurance holder's Explanation of Benefits (EOB) statements.
- As an alternative to billing insurance, the UHS Patient Billing Office can offer other payment options on the same day that your tests or services are ordered / performed. Payment must be made within 30 days.
- No partners (abstaining) or fewer partners generally means less risk.
- Decide with your partner(s) about how you will practice safer sex.
- Ask questions about your partners' sexual history, including STI assessment and HIV Testing.
- Choose lower risk sexual activities, such as mutual masturbation instead of intercourse.
- Use a condom (latex or polyisoprene) during intercourse. Use a silicone or water-based lubricant to reduce the risk of breakage.
- Use a barrier (condom, latex square, etc.) with oral-genital or oral-anal contact.
- Wash shared sex toys thoroughly between uses.
- Minimize damage to tissues during sexual activities by using adequate lubrication and avoiding behaviors that draw blood.
- Avoid mixing alcohol or other drugs with sex because they interfere with decision making, consent, and sexual performance.
- How to Get Health Care - You can talk to a nurse by phone or meet with a clinician regarding any concerns.
- Safer Sex Supplies
- Sexual Health
- Emergency Contraception
- HIV Testing
- Pregnancy Testing
- Medications for HIV Prevention
- Resources for Sexual Health lists other local testing sites and more
- Sexual Health Information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention