On this page:
- What is an STI assessment?
- STI assessments have limitations
- When should I have an STI assessment?
- How can I get an STI assessment?
- How can I get test results?
- What about confidentiality?
- Suggestions for STI/HIV prevention
- Resources for sexual health information
- a brief sexual history
- a physical examination if necessary
- possible laboratory testing
Your clinician will determine with you what tests, if any, are appropriate. Tests may require:
- a urine sample
- oral, vagina, penile or rectal swab
- cervical culture and/or
- blood draw
STI assessment can include HIV testing, or HIV testing can be done separately and anonymously. See HIV Testing for more info.
- unusual discharge
- painful or burning with urination
- genital skin changes (rash, sore, blister, growths)
- pelvic discomfort or pain (women)
- testicular pain (men).
Note: It's important to see a clinician when symptoms are present. However, a person who has an STI may not experience any symptoms and there are other causes of these symptoms.
Women who are sexually active are advised to have an Routine Women's Health Exam. Your clinician may also recommend a Pap test.
Men who are sexually active are advised to have an STI assessment, according to the recommendations above.
How can I get an STI assessment? Schedule an Appointment, and tell the scheduler that you would like an STI assessment. You can request a male or female clinician.
How can I get test results? During your visit, your clinician will tell you how to get your test results. STI test results are typically available 2-3 business days after your visit. HIV test results usually take longer. You can get results through the Patient Portal (you will need an account).
What about confidentiality? Your medical records are kept confidential and can be released ONLY with your written consent. If you are a currently enrolled U-M student (Ann Arbor campus), an STI assessment will not be billed to your insurance company. However, billing for these visits may occur for those who are not currently enrolled at the time of service.
No partners (abstaining) or fewer partners generally means less risk.
Decide with your partner(s) about how you will practice safer sex.
Ask questions about your partners' sexual history, including STI assessment and HIV Testing.
Choose lower risk sexual activities, such as mutual masturbation instead of intercourse.
Use a condom (latex or polyisoprene) during intercourse. Use a silicone or water-based lubricant to reduce the risk of breakage.
Use a barrier (condom, latex square, etc.) with oral-genital or oral-anal contact.
Wash shared sex toys thoroughly between uses.
Minimize damage to tissues during sexual activities by using adequate lubrication and avoiding behaviors that draw blood.
Avoid mixing alcohol or other drugs with sex because they interfere with decision making, consent, and sexual performance.
How to Get Health Care - You can meet with a clinician regarding any concerns.
Free safer sex supplies and brochures about sexual health are available for U-M students through UHS Wolverine Wellness, suite 2110, second floor.
Resources for Sexual Health lists other local testing sites and more