Free for students who are required to be screened under this program criteria
On this page:
- Requirement in brief
- Am I required to be screened?
- How can I be screened?
- Why do I need to be screened for TB?
- Who identified the countries?
- What if I don't comply with the screening requirement?
- What if I have dual or multiple citizenships/nationalities?
- I already had a TB test (or treatment). Can I meet the requirement by bringing documentation?
- Do you have a form for documentation?
- What is the process for screening?
- What is the TB blood test (QuantiFERON-TB Gold)?
- What is the process for the TB blood test (QuantiFERON-TB Gold)?
- What if my TB test result is positive?
- What if I am diagnosed with TB infection?
- Will TB test results affect my visa or student status?
- How much would treatment cost?
- I got BCG vaccine in my country. Do I still need to test?
- Does BCG vaccine affect the test result?
- Do others (e.g. international scholars, family members, travelers to the countries listed by WHO) have to be screened for TB?
- How can I get my results or learn how to complete the requirement?
- For more information including Flint and Dearborn campuses
Requirement in brief The University of Michigan (UM) requires certain entering international students to be screened for tuberculosis (TB). All UM campuses (Ann Arbor, Dearborn and Flint) participate.
Am I required to be screened? You must be screened for TB if you answer Yes to ALL of the following three questions. (If you answer "no" to any of the following questions and still wish to be screened, see Allergy, Immunization and Travel Health Clinic. Fees will apply.)
- Are you an entering UM international student with an F-1 or J-1 visa type?
- Did the UM issue your Form I-20 or DS-2019?
- Are you a citizen of one of the following countries (identified by the World Health Organization) according to your I-20 or DS-2019?
Afghanistan Indonesia South Africa Bangladesh Kenya Taiwan Brazil Mozambique Thailand Cambodia Myanmar United Republic of Tanzania China (includes Hong Kong and Macau) Nigeria Uganda Democratic Republic of the Congo Pakistan Vietnam Ethiopia Philippines Zimbabwe India Russian Federation
How can I be screened? First, be sure you need to be screened. Not all international students need to be screened. See Am I required to be screened?
All students who are required to be screened need to schedule an appointment.
Have you been in the U.S. a long time? You still need to schedule an appointment.
Do you have documentation of prior TB screening? You still need to schedule an appointment. Bring documentation to your appointment, and we will make sure it is acceptable. Do NOT send or drop off your documents at UHS before your appointment. (See more on Documentation.)
Why do I need to be screened for TB? The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Michigan Advisory Committee for Elimination of Tuberculosis recommend screening individuals from countries where TB is relatively common. The UM Executive Officers approved this policy in 2004 (see Tuberculosis Screening Mandate). A TB test can detect whether you have TB infection and if so, you can get treatment.
Who identified the countries? The World Health Organization (WHO) identified the countries, which together account for 80% of the world's TB cases. See the Stop TB Partnership website for a summary.
What if I don't comply with the screening requirement? You will not be allowed to register for your second semester until you are screened for TB, which will also affect your ability to stay in the US on an F-1 or J-1 visa sponsored by the UM. Please be screened as soon as possible during your first semester so that you can register for your second semester classes. Usually the deadline for screening is one month from the semester start date. Check your exact deadline at the the Scheduling webpage.
What if I have dual or multiple citizenships/nationalities? Whether you must be screened for TB will be determined by your citizenship/nationality stated on your Form I-20 for F-1 students, and Form DS-2019 for J-1 students.
For most students, it's better (and free) to test at the University of Michigan, rather than bringing documentation from elsewhere. That said...
You can meet the requirement by providing the following documentation IN ENGLISH, and including your COMPLETE NAME:
- Negative QuantiFERON-TB Gold or T-SPOT.TB test done within a year of starting UM classes OR
- Positive QuantiFERON-TB Gold test or T-SPOT.TB AND normal chest x-ray report within the last year (report is preferred, film is not necessary) OR
- Completed treatment report for active or inactive TB
The following types of documentation are not acceptable:
- TB skin test (PPD)
- Tine test
- Chest x-ray only
Even if you have documentation of prior screening, you still need to make an appointment for screening. Do NOT send or drop off your documents at UHS before your appointment. Bring your documents to your scheduled screening appointment.
Do you have a form for documentation? Yes, Documentation for International Mandatory Tuberculosis (TB) Screening (PDF) can be used by a health care provider to document prior testing. If desired, please bring documentation using this form (or another form in English) to your screening appointment. Make sure your health care provider fully completes this document.
What is the process for screening? First, you will schedule an appointment on this webpage: TB Schedule
On the day of your appointment, you will visit University Health Service, where you will meet with a health care provider, who will review your screening requirement and any documentation you bring. If needed, you will have a TB blood test (QuantiFERON-TB Gold).
If you are under age 18, UHS must have a completed Authorization for Consent to Treatment of a Minor form in order for you to be screened.
What is the TB blood test (QuantiFERON-TB Gold)? It's a new test to identify TB bacteria. If the test result is positive, a person is infected with TB. This test is especially appropriate for people who had BCG vaccine because the vaccine does not affect this test result. It has no side effects.
- If the result is negative, you do not have TB infection.
- If the result is positive, you have TB infection. A chest x-ray will be required to check for active TB in the lungs.
- If the result is indeterminate, you will need a TB skin test.
- If the chest x-ray is normal and you have no symptoms of active TB, you most likely have inactive TB.
- If you have an abnormal chest x-ray or symptoms of active TB, you may be required to have additional tests.
- Most people have inactive (latent) TB, which cannot be transmitted and does not cause symptoms. Treatment with antibiotics is recommended in order to prevent active TB. You can attend school normally.
- Active TB can be transmitted and is very serious, sometimes causing permanent damage and even death. It is curable with appropriate medicine, and treatment with antibiotics is required.
Will TB test results affect my visa or student status? Having TB will NOT affect your visa or student status. Students who have TB infection are not discriminated against in any way. UHS must report cases of active TB (not inactive TB) to county health departments for investigation of possible transmission to others. Otherwise, health records at UHS are confidential and cannot be released without patient consent. Your TB test result will not appear on your academic documents.
How much would treatment cost? For currently enrolled students on the Ann Arbor campus, UHS will provide most health care at no additional cost. Insurance helps to pay for any services outside of UHS or on other campuses. Cost for medication for individuals with inactive TB is minimal (less than $3 per month for students with the UM International Student and Scholar Health Insurance Plan). If you have been previously diagnosed with TB (active or inactive), there may be some restrictions on health insurance coverage.
I got BCG vaccine in my country. Do I still need to test? Yes, you do. Please follow instructions at How can I be screened?.
Do others (e.g. international scholars, family members, travelers to the countries listed by WHO) have to be screened for TB? TB screening is encouraged for others at risk but not required by the University of Michigan. TB skin testing is available at minimal cost on the UM Ann Arbor campus as follows:
UHS Allergy, Immunization and Travel Health Clinic
(for individuals 10 years and older)
207 Fletcher Street
Call 734-764-8325 to schedule
See also Tuberculosis and Testing and Location and Parking
How can I get my results or learn how to complete the requirement? Go to the International Mandatory TB Screening Results webpage and log in with your uniqname and password.
Ann Arbor campus:
International Mandatory Tuberculosis Screening
University Health Service
UM-Dearborn Office of International Affairs
4901 Evergreen Rd, 2174 UC
See also TB Screening Requirement for UM-Dearborn